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Essential to Koi and Goldfish
Do not use a one-sided protein source as certain essential amino acids may be lacking.
Choose 2 good quality foods and mix them (along with some treats!).
Some foods become rancid at room temperature.
Do not freeze food unless specified to do so.
Refrigerate foods that might get rancid.
Choose foods that have fish or other water creatures as top ingredients.
Koi and Goldfish are functional diabetics since they don’t produce insulin.
They do seem to enjoy foods with high carbohydrate content.
Carbohydrates help improve their body shape.
Koi and Goldfish seem to like the following foods as treats:
Cheerios (especially Honey Nut Cheerios!)
Dark green vegetables
Earthworms (if fresh from soil the soil won’t hurt them)
Grapefruit – Good source of Vitamin C, they love it, and it floats nicely when cut into pieces.
There are others – be creative!
One of the biggest mistakes people make with their ponds is to overfeed their fish! Overfeeding can result in a big increase of ammonia and/or nitrites and nitrates, thereby affecting water quality. Water quality is the most important factor in fish health.
Feeding your fish can be fun so don’t deprive yourself (and them) of the activity!
Feed only what your fish can eat in 5 minutes once or twice a day. Do this by tossing a few pellets at fish who are “begging” at the surface. When they take the food then toss a few more pellets. Don’t just toss handfuls in and hope that all the pellets get eaten.
In the Spring, don’t start feeding fish until the water temp reaches the mid-fifties (F).
In the Fall, when the water temp drops into the mid-fifties, stop feeding your fish food that contains protein. You can continue tossing Cheerios to your fish for awhile (for perhaps a few weeks because the breakdown products do not include ammonia and they are easily digested by the fish).
If fish had a health problem going into winter, you might feed medicated food in the spring, as that is a stressful time for them.